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Yoga: Types and Benefits 2021



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Yoga is a sport of the body and mind, extending to ancient historical origins in Indian philosophy. There are many styles of yoga that combine breathing techniques, relaxation, meditation, and physical movements. Today, yoga has become very popular; It is a form of physical exercise that relies on specific physical positions, to improve control of the mind and body, and obtain rest.

Types of yoga

There are more than 100 different forms of yoga, some of which include fast and intense movements, and others that include relaxation movements, examples of which are:

Yin Yoga

This type of yoga is meditative and regenerative, and is carried out for a period ranging from three to seven minutes as a maximum, and is done in a sitting position, or lying on the abdomen or back with breathing, and trying to calm the body and mind, and it aims to allow the connective tissue in the body to relax, and it is appropriate For new yoga practitioners, it helps build flexibility and release tension.

yoga benefits for mental health

Ashtanga Yoga

This form is called strength yoga, because it focuses on strong movements, such as push-ups that require strength and endurance, and is suitable for people seeking to rehabilitate their back injuries, and sportspeople, such as runners and cyclists, who want to increase flexibility and balance.

Bikram Yoga

This form is also called hot yoga; Because it is done in a very warm room, it is a suitable way to increase flexibility; Because heat helps to stretch body tissues, but it is not suitable for people with cardiovascular diseases, due to pressure on the body while exercising vigorously in a hot environment.

Hatha Yoga

This model includes a series of postures, which allow the internal energy to flow freely, and give a feeling of activity and refreshment, but its implementation requires a balance between strength and flexibility.

Benefits of Yoga

Benefits of yoga

Improve breathing

Many people take short breaths and do not think about how to breathe. Breathing yoga exercises, or so-called pranayama, help focus people’s attention on breathing and learn deep breathing techniques, which benefit the whole body. Certain types of breathing can help clear the nasal passages, which is particularly beneficial for allergy sufferers, and even calm the nervous system, providing both physical and mental benefits.

Improve heart health

Some studies have shown that yoga can help improve heart health and reduce the risk of heart disease. One study found that a group of participants over the age of 40 who practiced yoga for five years had lower blood pressure and pulse rate than those who Have not practiced yoga, and high blood pressure is one of the main causes of heart problems, such as heart attacks and strokes, so lowering blood pressure may help reduce the risk of these problems, and some research indicates that incorporating yoga into a healthy lifestyle can help reduce the development of diseases Heart: A study of 113 patients with heart disease tracked the effects of a lifestyle change that included one year of yoga training along with dietary modifications and stress management. Total cholesterol decreased by 23%, LDL cholesterol decreased by 26%, and the progression of heart disease was halted in 47% of patients.

Reduce insomnia

A periodical article on many complementary and alternative treatment strategies for insomnia showed that yoga was one of the most effective ways to get a good night’s sleep. Or lie on the back and raise the feet to the wall, as this will help promote blood circulation and calm the body and mind.

yoga benefits for body

Back pain treatment

Multiple studies have found that yoga is a more effective treatment for chronic back pain than usual treatment. A study published in the Annals of Internal Medicine reported that people with chronic low back pain noticed improvements in back function despite having similar levels of pain, after a few months of practicing yoga, and in another study of 80 people with chronic low back pain, the group that participated in only one week of yoga showed less disability and greater flexibility than patients who completed other physical exercises, and yoga exercises can also improve flexibility Backbones.

Reduce stress

Physical activity helps relieve stress, and this applies to yoga in particular, because the focus is an important thing to do these exercises, as daily troubles both large and small will fade during the time of yoga, providing a necessary break from stress, in addition to helping in relieving stress. Trying to solve different problems, reduces the stress levels of the person.

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