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Where is Maldives Located?



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Maldives location

The Maldives is located in the continent of Asia, specifically in the north-central Indian Ocean, and it is an independent island country, with a total area of about 298 square kilometers, and occupies the 214th rank among the countries of the world in terms of area. As for its astronomical location; Located at longitude 73.080 and latitude -0.700, the Maldives is the smallest country in Asia, and one of the most geographically dispersed countries in the world.

The location of the Maldives plays an important role in defining its geographical nature, determining the type of vegetation in it, and affecting animal life on land and underwater, in addition to its impact on the prevailing climate. Depending on the location, the climate is affected by two monsoon systems; two dry northeast monsoons; Which prevail during the period from December to April, and the other type is the humid southwest monsoon, which is active from May to November.

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The geography of the Maldives

The Republic of the Maldives consists of an archipelago consisting of a series of atolls that can be represented by large scattered rings in the Indian Ocean, which subdivide into smaller islands that can be represented by small rings surrounding water lagoons, and the number of these small islands is about 1,200 islands grouped into 26 large atolls Spread over a total area of ​​90,000 square kilometers, roughly the size of the Republic of Portugal, these islands are located along the coast of the Indian Ocean, with an extension of about 800 kilometers, which makes it difficult to determine the end of the coastal borders of the Maldives.

The neighboring countries of the Maldives

The Republic of the Maldives is bordered to the north by the Indian group of Laccadive Islands, which are the closest islands to it. It is also bordered by the Republic of Sri Lanka and the Indian subcontinent to the north-east, and British Indian Ocean Territory from the south and Malaysia is located on the south side. The eastern part of the Indian Ocean is about 2,600 km from the Maldives, and the Horn of Africa is located on the western side of the Maldives, about 3,000 km away.

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Landscape in the Maldives

The Maldives is the lowest country in the world; Where the maximum natural height of the land above sea level is only about 2.3 meters, and the height of the islands rarely exceeds two meters; Which makes them islands surrounded by transparent water and ideal for diving, and the geography of the atolls consists of coral reef rocks, which consist mainly of sandstone and beach rocks, and the islands are covered by a shallow layer of soil, which is home to many plants found on the islands and studies indicate This soil layers are more fertile in the northern islands, and they also disappear on the inhabited islands. The islands also flourish with white dunes and banks that change their shape and gather places according to the passing air currents.

Biodiversity in the Maldives

The Maldives is distinguished by the fact that it contains a diverse ecosystem of the natural environment; Where coral colonies and marine life are spread out, which makes it a tourist place that attracts tourists from all over the world, which is an important part of the natural environment of the islands on planet Earth, in addition to the diversity of plant and animal life on the Maldives, whose existence depends on important factors as the prevailing climate; The Maldives climate, represented by the appropriate temperature and humidity, supports the growth of a wide range of plants; Such as palm trees, some types of shrubs, herbs, flowering plants, tropical vines, tropical trees, and others. The animal environment besides the plant environment is witnessing great diversity in the Maldives, and small rodents, bats, and reptiles are part of the original animal life in the Maldives, and organic life appears in it in the form of insects and different types of crabs, and marine life is part of this vital system The diversity in which there are more than 21 species of dolphins and whales, 400 species of mollusks, 83 species of echinoderms, and 1,100 species of familiar and unfamiliar fish.

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