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Mauritius Islands: Facts, Geography, & Tourism



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Mauritius Islands

The islands of Mauritius are a group of islands located in the Indian Ocean. The island of Mauritius is the largest and is about 800 km from Madagascar to the east, and from the west, it is about 4000 km from the southwestern part of India. The system of government in it is republican and is known as the Republic of Mauritius, It gained independence from Britain in 1968. The official announcement of the establishment of the republican system in the islands of Mauritius dates back to 1992 AD, and it is considered one of the member states within the Commonwealth of Nations, and Port Louis is its official capital and the largest city among its cities. Government.

Mauritius Islands Tourism

Geography of the islands of Mauritius

The total geographical area of ​​the islands of Mauritius is 2040 km², and its lands extend from the north to the south by about 58 km, while from the east to the west its lands are about 43 km. The lands of Mauritius emerged as a result of volcanic activity, which led to the accumulation of many volcanic rocks and also resulted in the emergence of the middle plateau surrounded by a group of mountains. the waters of the Indian Ocean and Mount Piton is the highest mountainous region; Its height reaches 828 m above sea level.

The climate of the islands of Mauritius

The general climate in the islands of Mauritius is tropical, marine, and humid, accompanied by gusts of wind from the southeast, and temperatures range between 18-30 degrees Celsius in areas at sea level, and from 13-26 degrees Celsius in areas that reach a height of 460 meters, and the season begins. The summer season is from October to April, and the winter season is between June and September. Trade winds blow from the southeast from October to March, accompanied by heavy rains on the hills and slopes, and the average annual rainfall is more than 500 cm. In coastal areas, the average rainfall is estimated at 100 cm. Rain falls daily between April and September, and tropical cyclones sometimes occur between December and April.

Economy of Mauritius

Since Mauritius gained its independence, its economic sector has witnessed a remarkable development; As it shifted from a low-income economy dependent on agriculture to a middle-income and diversified economy, many economic fields developed in Mauritius, including tourism, the financial sector, and industry, where the country became the second-highest per capita GDP in Africa after Equatorial Guinea.

The economy of Mauritius is currently dependent on tourism, the garment and textile industry, sugar cane plantations, financial services, and fishing, in addition to the information and communication technology sector. The government is seeking to make the country completely exempt from customs duties, to attract more tourists, and facilitate access to high-quality products at reasonable prices.

Mauritius Facts, Geography, & History

Inhabitants of the islands of Mauritius

The estimated population of the islands of Mauritius is 1,263,000, according to the statistics in 2016. The society in Mauritius is one of the most diverse societies. It contains many ethnic groups. Two-thirds of the population originates from Pakistan and India, and most of them arrived on the islands to work in the period between the nineteenth century AD and the beginning of the twentieth century AD. The Creole group constitutes a quarter of the population; They are of mixed origins between French and Africans, and there are minorities of Chinese and French Mauritian origins.

English is the official language in Mauritius, but it is used by a small number of the population. Creole is a local and colloquial language and dialect spoken by nearly four-fifths of the population. The Bhojpuri language of Indian origin is also used among small numbers of individuals in the community, and French is also spread over Limited domains, the other languages ​​used are traditional and sparse languages ​​such as Chinese, Tamil, and Urdu, Hindi, and others. Hinduism spreads among nearly half of the population, Catholic Christians constitute one-third of the population density, and Islam is also spread among groups of the population.

The general culture in the islands of Mauritius

The society in Mauritius contains a mixture of diverse traditions and cultures, associated with the different peoples who live on its lands; The religious and ethnic diversity in Mauritius has contributed to the emergence of many festivals and holidays throughout the year. Hindu festivals are held in February, March, October, and November, and Muslims on the islands celebrate Eid Blessed Fitr after the end of Ramadan.

Christians celebrate Halloween in November and Christmas in December. The people of Chinese origin celebrate the Spring Festival, and celebrations and political and social events spread; Republic Day is celebrated on March 12, and Labor Day is celebrated on May 1. There are a group of national cultural institutions interested in supporting the general culture in Mauritius, the most important of which are art galleries in the cities, the Palace Theatre, the Port Theater, and the Mauritius Institute, which contains a history museum, and many public libraries are spread in all regions.

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