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10 Top Tourist Attractions in Egypt

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Top Tourist Attractions in Egypt

Egypt

The Arab Republic of Egypt is an Arab country located in the heart of the Arab world. Egypt is considered a world-historical archive of civilizations. Where the oldest global civilizations have been established on its soil since 3200 BC, and these civilizations were distinguished by their diversity and continuity over many centuries. Among the most prominent civilizations that were established on the land of Egypt are the Pharaonic, Roman, Greek, and Byzantine civilizations. In the seventh century AD, Islam entered Egypt, and an ancient Islamic civilization also emerged in it.

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The pyramids are located in the Egyptian region of Giza, that is, in the western region of the Nile River. The pyramids are one of the important royal tombs in Egypt, which contain the bodies of the pharaohs who ruled Egypt. So far, more than 100 pyramids dating back to the ancient pharaohs have been discovered. The pyramids were built between 2055-1650 BC, and the construction of the last pyramid continued between 1550-1525 BC.

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Abu Simbel

Abu Simbel is an archaeological site that contains two temples: the Small Temple and the Great Temple, carved out of rocks. Temples were built during the reign of Ramses II in the period 1279-1213 BC. The reason for the construction of temples goes back to celebrating the victory of Pharaoh Ramses II in the Battle of Kadesh, where the great temple of the god Ra-Harakhti, the god Ptah, and the pharaoh Ramses II were built. As for the small temple, it was built for the goddess Hathor, and Nefertiti, wife of Ramses II, the beloved.

Temples are located in southern Egypt on the bank of the Nile River. The great temple contains four colossal statues sitting at the entrance to the temple; Two on each side, representing Pharaoh Ramses II, his family, and the gods, each reaching a length of 20 meters, while the height of the temple is 30 meters, and its length reaches 35 meters. As for the small temple, it contains six statues carved at its entrance, representing Ramses and his wife Nefertiti. Each statue is 10 meters long, while the temple is 28 meters long and 12 meters high.

Valley of the Kings

The Valley of the Kings, called the Gates of the King, is a site that houses the tombs of several ancient pharaohs and super-rich nobles from the eighteenth, nineteenth, and twenty ruling families. The valley includes the tombs of many prominent pharaohs, including Tutankhamun, Seti I, and Rameses II, as well as many queens. Graves represent preparation for the next life; As it contains all the tools that the pharaohs may need to be buried next to them. The valley is located on the western bank of the Nile, next to Luxor.

Karnak Temple

The Karnak Temple is a complex of ancient statues and ruined temples, dating back to the reign of Pharaoh Ramses II. This area was the place of worship. As it contains four main temples, one of the most famous and largest temples in it is the temple of the god Amun. In addition to temples, the site contains many ancient monuments and statues, as well as historical scenes from the battles that the pharaohs were fighting with their enemies. The Karnak Temple is located in southern Egypt, near the city of Luxor.

Philae temple

Philae Temple is a temple located in Aswan. The temple was built for the goddess Isis by Pharaoh Ptolemy II, but it was completed by the Roman kings. The temple tells the story of the goddess Isis, the wife of the Pharaoh Osiris, as this goddess symbolizes the funeral rites and the gift of life. She is usually represented by a throne she holds over her head. The word Philae means the end, referring to the site of the temple located in the far south of Egypt.

Abydos

Abydos is one of the most ancient sacred sites in Egypt. It derives its sanctity from being the center of the worship of the god Osiris, as it was believed to be gated to the underworld, was a popular place of pilgrimage and burial. The site contains the Temple of Seti I, which is its most famous monument. Pharaoh Seti I started building it, and his son Ramses II completed it. The temple walls contain an archaeological list engraved on the temple walls that includes the names of 76 ancient Egyptian kings, which Seti I excavated to distinguish the pharaohs, the kings of ancient Egypt. The site also contains many temples dedicated to the worship of the god Osiris. The temple is located in northern Upper Egypt.

White desert

The White Desert is one of the most picturesque and famous places in the Egyptian desert. The area is called Al Farafra Oasis. The area contains rocks carved in the shape of a giant mushroom or cone, which were formed by erosion and erosion factors. Tourists head to the White Desert to camp there and watch the landscape. The site is located in the northeast of Egypt, and it was in the past an ocean of water, but it dried completely, and the sedimentary layers formed in it the white color, which in turn formed the white desert.

Siwa Oasis

Siwa Oasis is one of the oldest historical areas in Egypt, as it has won many titles throughout the ages. It was called Centria by the ancient Arabs, as was the Jupiter-Amun oasis, Palm Square, and Santar by the ancient Egyptians. The site contains traces of houses that form a large gathering like an oasis. Despite the great civilization progress Egypt is experiencing, Siwa still preserves its customs and traditions. Where the inhabitants speak their native language, which is Tamazight, along with Arabic, and the women wear the traditional dress specific to the region.

Sphinx de Gizeh

The Great Sphinx of Giza is one of the most famous and distinctive tourist attractions in Egypt. The statue represents the body of a lion with the head of Pharaoh of Egypt carved in the form of a large statue, reaching a length of 73 meters, and a height of 20 meters. It was built during the reign of King Khafre in about 2530 BC. The statue of the Sphinx is located next to the three pyramids of Giza, and it is believed that the statue was built to protect the Pharaonic tombs inside the pyramids from evil spirits, hence its Arabic name as the Sphinx.

Khan Al-Khalily

Khan Al-Khalili is one of the most famous Egyptian neighborhoods and is located within the area known as Old Cairo. Where this neighborhood is considered a very major tourist attraction in the Egyptian capital city of Cairo. One of the things that distinguish this khan most is the presence of many important and lively bazaars, in addition to the presence of many popular restaurants and cafes as well, which enriched this neighborhood and made it all this great value.

The Egyptian Opera House

This ancient house is considered the alternative to what was known as the Khedive Opera House, this house was built during the reign of Khedive Ismail. This is due to the official opening of the Suez Canal, except that it was burned in 1971 AD. The modern house was furnished for its twentieth century, in cooperation with the Japan International Cooperation Agency.

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