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The Most Famous Monuments in Italy



The Most Famous Monuments in Italy

Religious monuments

Florence Cathedral

Santa Maria del Fiore or The Florence Cathedral is a famous landmark in Italy, and an important symbol during the Renaissance for the city of Florence, especially when it was nicknamed the Virgin of Venus in 1412 AD. Its length is about 153 m, its width is 90 m at the crossing, and its height From the surface of the earth to the lower side of the lantern, about 90 m. The Cathedral of Florence was the largest church during the fifteenth century, but it is now the third largest church in the world after St. Peter’s in Rome and St. Paul in London.

Florence Cathedral is characterized by its facades covered with marble, colored in various colors such as white, green, and pink, and the red dome of Brunelleschi above it. The external appearance of the church is characterized by the different artistic touches that followed from its foundation until the completion of its construction, which made there are clear differences between what was planned and designed by Arnulfo di Cambio and the shape of the structure of the current external cathedral.

Church of Santa Maria Delle Grassi

The Basilica of Santa Maria Delle Grassi (Holy Mary of Grace) is one of the famous Italian monuments, located in the Milan complex. It was built with the Dominican monastery in 1463 AD by Ginforte Solari, and was rebuilt again during the Renaissance in the late fifteenth century by Donato Bramante who made many reforms in the Church; Where he increased its area and built a cylindrical dome surrounded by many columns, in addition to building a special dining room in it. The fame of the Church of Santa Maria Delle Grassi is due to its possession of a mural painted by the artist Leonardo da Vinci on the north wall in the hall of the Dominican monastery during the years (1495-1497). M, which reflected his ambition in the development of the world of art, and influenced the graphic arts over the successive centuries; To become one of the most important murals in the world.

Saint Vitale Church

The Basilica of San Vitale is one of the most attractive places for tourists in Italy; It is located in the Italian city of Ravenna and is famous for its archaeological importance dating back to early Christianity. The character of oriental art prevailed over the architecture of the church, just as in other buildings in Ravenna; But it was mixed with Western arts and various mosaic drawings, which reflect the religious ideas and beliefs of the church at the time. The church witnessed changes in the era of Justinian when the nave was placed by adding two corridors topped by a dome supported by eight columns and arches, and in 1780 AD some Polish artists added an artistic stamp to each Of the niches and the dome, by drawing many domes and attractive trees, which made the church a wonderful place, the space between the mosaic decorations, and the Baroque frescoes of the church dome.

Palaces and castles

monument italie venise

Venaria Palace

The Palace of Venaria is one of the most attractive tourist sites in Italy, specifically in the city of Venaria Reale in the province of Turin. It also contains many different halls and galleries, in addition to the palace garden, which mixes the ancient archaeological character with modern artwork.

Royal Palace of Caserta

The Royal Palace of Caserta is one of the most attractive tourist sites in Italy, as it is considered the largest royal palace in the world with a total area of ​​235,000 square meters, and is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. It is located near Naples in the Campania region. Its construction dates back to the eighteenth century, at the request of the King of Bourbon, and its design is very similar to the Palace of Versailles.

The Royal Palace of Caserta is a historic palace with 1,200 rooms spread over 5 floors, all beautifully decorated; Where the palace is filled with large-sized frescoes that cover the ceiling of the palace and flaunt golden decorations with attractive shapes. To see the landmarks of the great historical-artistic civilization.

Doge’s Palace

The Doge’s Palace, located in Venice, is one of the most attractive tourist places in Italy, dating back to the fifteenth century, and the cave-shaped halls of the palace contain many paintings that were in the palace library, which belong to Renaissance artists such as the painter Titian, Guido Reni and others, in addition to the painter Raphael, who mastered the painting of the young woman, and the artist Luciano Laurana, who painted his painting The Utopia. The main floor, which was called the noble floor, can be reached by climbing through the great staircase in the inner courtyard of the palace, to see The rooms are distributed over an area of ​​35 m in length, in addition to the 17 m ceremonial halls for the Duke, for whom the palace was built in 1450 AD.

Museums and galleries

monument italie rome

Academy Gallery

The Accademia Gallery, located in Florence, is one of the most important landmarks in Italy. This gallery was built in 1784 AD by order of Duke Peter Leopold, to restructure the Academy of Design Arts that was owned by Cosimo de Medici in 1563 AD, to become an exhibition containing The most important paintings depicting churches and monasteries, in addition to historical paintings from the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, and large quantities of paintings dating from the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.

The Academy Gallery is one of the museums dedicated to displaying statues sculpted by the artist Michael Angelo, such as the David, which took more than nine years to sculpt, and is one of the most famous sculptures in the world at all, and was completed by the architect Emilio de Fabrice later. The artist Michelangelo moved his statue to Piazza Della Signoria in 1873 AD, then the museum became an exhibition of the Academy of Arts in 1882 AD.

St. Angelo’s Castle

The castle of Sant’Angelo located in the city of Rome is one of the most famous monuments in Italy, and the order came to build it during the year 123 AD, to be a special mausoleum for Emperor Hadrian and his family. The interest in it and its restoration continued, especially since it occupied a political position due to its distinguished geographical location, close to St. Peter’s Church at the northern entrance to the city. At the present time, it has become a national museum that reflects a nearly two thousand year history of Rome, visited by many tourists to see the most beautiful paintings and furniture. The sculptures are unique.

Naples National Archaeological Museum

The National Archaeological Museum of Naples, located in Naples, is one of the most important tourist places in Italy; It was originally a residence for members of what is known as the cavalry, and then the University of Naples took it as its headquarters, and the history of the establishment of this museum dates back to the end of the eighteenth century, when Charles, King of Bourbon, built this place to be a place where the monuments inherited by the king from His mother is Elizabeth Farnese. The museum contains many artifacts and sculptures, as well as mosaic pieces.

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