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Sights of Fez City

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Fes City

It is an Arab Islamic city, located in the Kingdom of Morocco, and represents its scientific capital. It is the largest city in the world in terms of being free of cars and vehicles. The city of Fez occupies the northeastern part of the country, surrounded by forests, agricultural lands, and water springs. Its population, according to the statistics of 2018, was estimated at 964,891 people. Looking at the economic aspect, the economy in Fez depends on modern and traditional industries, services, tourism, agricultural activities, and other fields.

Sights of Fez

The city of Fez has a large number of historical monuments, magnificent palaces, and ancient mosques, which is an important center; To attract visitors and tourists from inside and outside the city, and the most important of these landmarks.

Mosques

Below we mention the most important ones:

  • Al-Qarawiyyin Mosque: It is one of the most important and prominent historical and religious monuments in the city and it’s a beating heart. Its construction was completed in 859 AD by order of Fatima bint Muhammad Al-Fihri, knowing that it was named Al-Qarawiyyin; It refers to the village of Al-Qarawiyyin, which was inhabited by the refugees from Kairouan.
  • Andalusian Mosque: It was established one year after the Qarawiyyin Mosque; That is, in the year 860 AD, which is characterized by an amazing urban pattern; It is entered through huge doors decorated with tiles, topped by a ceiling covered with carved wood.
  • Mausoleum of Moulay Idris II: Moulay Idris II is considered the founder of the city of Fez, as he was buried in the Zaouia of Moulay Idris.

Quranic schools and universities

 

Below we mention the most important ones:

  • Al-Saffarin School: It is the oldest school in the city. It was built during the eighteenth century, and its architectural design is characterized by simplicity and splendor. Which makes it a destination for a large number of visitors to the city.
  • Al Bouanania School: It is one of the distinguished Quranic universities in the city. History mentions that it witnessed the presence of Ibn Khaldun in its halls. He gave some lessons there. This school is famous for its distinctive urban style, which is represented by the use of cedarwood, carved gypsum artifacts, and other marble and onyx decorations. Al-
  • Attarine School: It is one of the wonderful masterpieces in the city of Fez, as it was built in 1325 AD. It is characterized by the presence of wooden arches at its entrances, and its walls and floors are adorned with mosaic panels, inscriptions, and Arab decorations, in addition to carved marble facades.
  • Ras Al Sharatine School: It was established during the seventeenth century by order of Sultan Moulay Rashid bin Sharif, and it provided educational services to about 200 students.

Hotels, fountains, museums

Below we mention the most important ones:

  • Inns and hotels: In the past, hotels represented places of residence for merchants, and stores for their goods, as they spread in the city of Fez in abundance at the main axes of the old city; That is, near the area of ​​al-Tala’a al-Kabira, al-Tala’a al-Saghira, al-Najjarin, and Ras al-Sharatin, in addition to the hotels near the major gates of the city, namely: Bab Bujloud, Bab al-Kisa, and Bab al-Futuh.
  • Public Fountains: The city of Fez has many fountains in its public streets, which are distinguished by a wonderful artistic and decorative character, including the Carpenters’ Fountain, the Hayek Market Fountain, and the Qawas Fountain.
  • Museums: including the Batha Palace, which is considered a museum of exquisite pieces of art, of a local character, in the city of Fez; Where it includes a large collection of embroidery, jewelry, copper pots, carpets, and other traditional handicrafts, and there is also in the city the villagers’ treasury, which was founded during the seventeenth century, and contains about 32,000 archaeological manuscripts, including unique and rare documents belonging to Ibn Khaldoun, Ibn Rushd, and other great scholars.

Ancient palaces

Below we mention the most important ones:

  • The Royal Palace: It is one of the historical palaces in the city of Fez. Its construction dates back to the eighteenth century AD. This palace includes at its entrance a wide courtyard built by the Alawites, in addition to large decorated and inscribed doors.
  • El Kalaoui Palace: It is the palace inhabited by the Pasha of Marrakesh, Tohami El Claoui. It is considered the most beautiful palace in the city of Fez. Among its walls, it includes about 1,000 rooms, 30 fountains, two gardens, a Quranic school, a Moroccan bath for men and another for women, and a mill. For the production of oil, and a mill for wheat. Al-Maqri Palace: It is one of the ancient palaces with a distinctive architectural design. Where its doors and walls are adorned with ebony, hammered iron, and scalpels, as well as carved, painted domes, combined with Baroque carpentry inlaid with Venetian glass.
  • Al Munbhi Palace: It is one of the oldest palaces in the city. It was established at the end of the nineteenth century, and its construction continued by local architects for about 15 years, to eventually come out as a building, and an amazing masterpiece, noting that this palace is currently used as a restaurant that hosts gourmet visitors.

Rivers and springs

The most important of which are:

  • Fez River: It is a river in the middle of the Fez El-Bali region. It enters the city from two different locations, exits from the Bab el-Ghadr area, and eventually flows into the Sebou River.
  • Wadi Fez River: It passes through the new city of Fez, and through the orchards located in front of Bab Al-Hadid. It enters Fez from the Bab Seba area, and exits through beautiful gardens, to finally flow into the Sebou River.
  • Laayoune: There are a large number of springs in the city of Fez, especially in the southern and western part of the city, where the water of the springs is cold during the summer, knowing that it is more desirable than river water.
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