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OCD: Types, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment



Obsessive-compulsive disorder

Obsessive-compulsive disorder

What is the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder Treatment methods for obsessive-compulsive disorder Contents 1 OCD 2 Treatment of OCD 2.1 Psychotherapy 2.2 Pharmacotherapy 2.3 Deep brain stimulation 3 OCD signs and symptoms 3.1 Obsessive symptoms 3.2 Obsessive symptoms 4 OCD causes Obsessive-compulsive disorder 5 Videos about the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder 6 References Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is defined as one of the chronic and common diseases that may cause shame and embarrassment for its owner, and in this case, the person shows compulsive behaviors, thoughts and fears It is illogical, and so frequently that he cannot control it, and this condition also causes anxiety and distress for the person and affects his life and daily activities, examples of which are excessive hand washing for fear of germs, and the constant fear of not closing the door or turning off the stove?

Obsessive-compulsive disorder treatment

People with obsessive-compulsive disorder may also suffer from other psychological disorders, including depression and anxiety, which require these cases to be taken into account before starting treatment. The treatment of OCD is mainly divided into two types of treatment, namely psychotherapy and treatment. Medications and the appropriate treatment for the patient is determined based on the severity of the symptoms, and the patient may need one or both of the two types of treatment, as follows:

Trouble obsessionnel compulsif


Psychotherapy is offered to adults and children with obsessive-compulsive disorder, and it can be used alongside or instead of drug therapies, and its forms include cognitive-behavioral therapy, which is divided into several types, perhaps the most important and most effective of exposure Exposure and response prevention; Where the issues that constitute concerns and concerns for the patient are identified, exposed to them repeatedly, and trained to refrain from the compulsive behaviors that usually accompany these obsessions, and the treatment is in partnership between the doctors, the patient, and the patient’s family, and the patient often needs several sessions ranging from 13 to 20 sessions for symptom relief.

Drug therapy

Doctors usually prescribe selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), such as fluoxetine, fluvoxamine, and sertraline, or tricyclic antidepressants such as clomipramine. The effect of SSRIs in relieving symptoms may start after one to three weeks, and in some cases, it may take 12 weeks for treatment to show improvement, and it should be noted that it is important to consult a doctor if there is no improvement within the three weeks after starting treatment.

If the patient’s condition does not improve after using the previous medications, the doctor may prescribe risperidone; It is one of the antipsychotic drugs. Some studies have shown an improvement in the condition of some patients after using it. It is worth noting the importance of clarifying the side effects associated with taking these drug treatments, and the patient should be warned not to stop taking them suddenly without consulting a doctor; This may result in withdrawal effects or may cause a rebound effect, leading to dissatisfaction with the patient’s condition.

What Is Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Deep brain stimulation

Deep brain stimulation is rarely used, but it is used in cases where the patient has failed to respond to other types of treatments, and this method relies on placing two electrodes in the brain.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder signs and symptoms

obsessive symptoms

Obsession symptoms appear in the form of recurring and unwanted thoughts and obsessions in the patient, and they affect the patient’s practice of his daily life and behavior. These symptoms appear in various forms, most notably the following:

  • The desire for everything to always be in order and symmetrical.
  • Fear of losing things or not having things he might need.
  • Fear of exposure to dirt, contamination, or dirtiness of things if other people touch them.
  • Fear of losing control As the patient may have aggressive or horrific thoughts, the patient may think of harming himself or others.
  • Avoid situations that may lead to obsessions, the most prominent example of which is the handshake.
  • The patient has undesirable thoughts about various topics, including religious or sexual topics.

Compulsive symptoms

Compulsions symptoms appear in different ways, including the following:

  • Overorder.
  • count, And this is in certain patterns.
  • The demand for constant reassurance.
  • Washing and cleaning, this condition may prompt the patient to wash his hands frequently until his skin is damaged.
  • Checking and checking things several times, this condition may push the patient to several actions, for example, he may try to check the doors that are closed several times even after making sure that they are locked.
  • Follow a harsh routine, and you may notice that the patient is silently repeating the same words or phrases.

obsessive compulsive disorder treatment

Obsessive Causes

The causes of obsessive-compulsive disorder are not fully understood yet, but many theories help explain its occurrence, including the following:

  • Biological factors, as this condition may occur as a result of changes in brain function or the body’s natural chemistry.
  • Environmental factors, some studies have indicated that infection is one of the forms of environmental factors that may trigger the occurrence of OCD.
  • Genetic factors. The genetic factor may have a role in OCD, but the genes responsible for this have not been identified so far.

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