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Migraine treatment

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Migraines

Migraines, migraines, or soreness are a complex disorder characterized by frequent seizures of headache that usually affect one side of the head. Migraine headaches may be accompanied by some sensory and visual symptoms called an aura that often occur before the start of a headache attack, but sometimes they may They occur during or after a seizure, and in fact migraines are divided into several types, many of which share the same symptoms, which include: nausea, vomiting, dizziness, sensitivity to light or odors, and sometimes a feeling of numbness and difficulty in speaking, and the most prominent of these types can be explained. as follows:

  • Migraine headache with aura: The aura is a stimulant that foresees a migraine attack, and symptoms of the aura are centered around visual disturbances.
  • Migraine without aura: This is the most common type of migraine, and symptoms of a migraine attack begin without prior notice.
  • Other types: Other types of migraines are involved in being related to a specific medical condition or cause, and the following is explained:
    • Chronic migraines: the occurrence of migraine attacks more than 15 days a month.
    • Migraines during menstruation: where the frequency of migraines attacks is related to the date of the menstrual cycle.
    • Hemiplegic migraine: This is associated with a temporary weakness in one side of the body.
    • Abdominal migraine: This type of headache is more common in children under the age of fourteen, and is characterized by the association of migraine attacks with the occurrence of disorders of the intestine and abdomen.
    • Migraine with aura affects the brainstem: Although this type of migraine is rare, it affects the nerves and leads to severe symptoms, such as affecting the ability to speak.

Although the true cause behind the occurrence of migraine attacks is still unknown, many factors may motivate their occurrence, such as various environmental factors, physical factors, mental and emotional disorders, hormonal changes, and some foods and medications, and it is believed that migraines are caused by the presence of activity Abnormal in the brain affects the way of communication between nerves, blood vessels, and chemicals in the brain, and the genetic factor may play a role in increasing a person’s sensitivity to various stimuli, and in general, migraines may affect the lives of some individuals in a serious way that prevents M from exercising their normal daily lives and feeling the urgent need to stay at home for several days, but fortunately there are many medications and treatments that alleviate the symptoms of a migraine attack, and although the migraine attacks may worsen over time, most people with With migraines, their symptoms reduce or fade over several years.

Migraine treatment

In fact, there is no treatment for migraine itself, but the treatment aims to get rid of the symptoms of migraine attacks and reduce the chance of other attacks in the future, and the affected person may need to try several types of treatments available for that in order to be able to know the appropriate treatment for him, and in general The choice of treatment that best suits migraines depends on the severity of the headache episodes, how frequently they occur, the extent of their impact on the patient’s ability to carry out their daily activities, and how they relate to the occurrence of symptoms such as nausea and vomiting, and whether the sufferer has other health problems, and in this context it should be clarified that these Pharmaceutical Lagat is divided into two main, they can be their statement as follows :

  • Medicines for seizures: These are pain medications that are taken during a migraine attack in order to reduce or stop symptoms, in addition to other medicines that reduce the symptoms accompanying the seizure.
  • Preventive medications: They are taken regularly with the aim of relieving migraine attacks and reducing their frequency.

 

Medicines for seizures

As we mentioned earlier, the goal of using seizure medications is to stop the migraine attack as soon as it starts; therefore the best time to take these medications is once the symptoms of the migraine attack begin or when they feel close, and here comes a statement of the most important pharmacological groups that fall into the list of sedative drugs For pain, whether or not these medications are prescribed without a prescription.

pain killers

Many over-the-counter pain relievers can be used to relieve migraine symptoms, such as paracetamol and some NSAIDs, such as: ibuprofen and aspirin. These medications are available in several pharmaceutical forms, including water-soluble tablets that have a faster effect because the body absorbs them faster compared to With regular tablets and suppositories that can be used in the event of a migraine attack accompanied by nausea and vomiting, it should be noted the importance of adhering to the instructions attached to the drug with regard to the recommended doses and the period of use; For these painkillers continuously, it may worsen the symptoms of migraines and cause what is known as a headache resulting from the excessive use of medications, which is also called rebound headache. In this case, headache may occur when taking an overused analgesic with its usual dose or an overdose, but fortunately it eases after stopping It is not recommended to take aspirin by children under the age of 16 without consulting a doctor. It is also not recommended to give ibuprofen and aspirin to people who suffer from problems. In the stomach, or kidney, or liver.

 

Sometimes the doctor may resort to prescribing another type of analgesic known as opioid analgesics, for example: codeine, which is characterized by its ability to prevent the formation of pain signals in the brain and spinal cord, where the doctor will resort to prescribing this group painkillers if the pain is more severe and the painkillers do not meet It is necessary to pay attention, when using this type of painkiller for a long time, to the possibility of developing what is known as tolerance of the drug; that is, the body needs a higher dose than it takes to obtain the same effect, or the person may suffer from a condition called physical dependence which is a habit the body The drug should be used as a result of prolonged use, which causes side effects when you stop taking the drug suddenly, and is known as symptoms of drug withdrawal, such as diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, muscle pain and anxiety, and these medications may also cause addiction that causes its owner to take these medications despite his physical dependence. This enters into a downward spiral of negative consequences, and therefore you must adhere to the instructions of the specialist doctor and avoid taking any drug that requires a prescription without reference to it.

 

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