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Famous Landmarks in Italy: Historical, Natural

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Famous Landmarks in Italy

Historical monuments

Biggest Landmarks in Italy

Colosseum

The Colosseum, or as it is called the Flavian Amphitheater in Rome, is one of the most famous landmarks in Italy. It is a giant Roman amphitheater built by emperors during the years (70-72 AD) under the rule of Emperor Vespasian, who gave it as a gift to the Romans, and it was opened after nearly a decade of The date of its construction, and its opening witnessed a great celebration of Emperor Titus, which spanned for a hundred days, during which many games were shown, and many shows were held on it that varied between the traditional games that the emperors are famous for, and the representative works.

The area of ​​the Colosseum is approximately 189 x 156 meters, with a height of four floors, and it is entered through its eighty different entrances, of which 76 were allocated for the general public, and two for participants in the events that were held on the grounds of the amphitheater, and two others were designated to enter the emperor only. The amphitheater has a maximum capacity of over 50,000 people, and the Colosseum has undergone a series of repairs multiple times over the successive years.

The popularity of the Colosseum began to decline when its performances such as games became no longer a source of entertainment for the Romans. This decline was reinforced after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, and the occurrence of several earthquakes damaged the structure of the Colosseum in the fifth century AD; This led to a decline in interest in this historical landmark, and at the beginning of the twentieth century, more than half of the old building was destroyed, and during the nineties the restoration of the Colosseum was started to revive it, to become during this age a tourist site in Rome that attracts millions of tourists every year.

Palatine Plateau

Palatine Hill is a famous landmark in Italy. It is one of the oldest historical places in Rome; It was the center of the founding of the city of Rome by Romulo in the second half of the eighth century BC, and this plateau contains many remains of houses of worship and palaces that were the residence of the emperor at the time, such as the Augustus Palace, which still preserves its structure among other palaces, and during excavations were The discovery of huts, tombs, and forts dating back to the Iron Age, and they were used to learn about the culture and living life that prevailed at the time, in addition to knowing that the Palatine Plateau was a sacred place for the practice of religious rites, and fertile land, which made it a plateau that expresses strength and natural beauty. Plateau Palatine Museum; contains many of the holdings of Iron Age tombs, as well as works of art obtained from imperial buildings.

Roman Forum

The Roman Forum, located in the heart of ancient Rome, is one of the most famous Italian monuments dating back to the seventh century BC. It contains many historical monuments, including temples, the triumphal arch, the Arch of Titus, and the Temple of Saturn; Which made it occupy a social, political, and commercial center for the Roman Empire at the time. The Roman Forum collapsed, as did other historical buildings in Rome; due to the fall of the Roman Empire, and then the Forum was used to make it a private pasture land; That is why it was called the Cow Field during the Middle Ages, and the forum witnessed exploration and excavations during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, which extended to this age.

Leaning Tower of Pisa

The Leaning Tower of Pisa is one of the most famous monuments in Italy. It is located in the back of the Cathedral of Pisa and ranks third in terms of the oldest structures in the churchyard after both the church itself and the baptistery. The Tower of Pisa is the bell of a cathedral. The city of Pisa, which was built of white marble, was built to draw attention to the church, and the tower was built in three historical stages between the period (1173-1370) AD, then the Pisa Tower began to incline unintentionally from one side due to the lack of strong foundations in The late years in which it was built, and its inclination increased to become in its known form in the late twentieth century and early twenty-first century, so the tower attracts more than 5 million tourists, with an income of approximately 21 million euros annually.

Pompeii

Pompeii is one of the tourist areas in Italy, located close to the city of Naples, and ranks second among the most visited monuments in Italy, and is on the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites; Because it contains the remains of an ancient Roman city that was almost destroyed by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in the year 79 AD. These ruins reflect ancient Roman life in its various cultural forms; It contains thermal baths, the forum that hosted various meetings of the most important responsible and religious figures at the time, in addition to the theater that hosted many performances during ancient times, and others.

Natural landmarks

Top-Rated Tourist Attractions in Italy

Boboli Gardens

The Boboli Gardens site dates back to a garden located behind the Pitti Palace in Florence, and the construction of the Boboli Garden dates back to more than 4 centuries when Cosimo de Medici ordered its construction in 1594 AD to take the construction of the garden for 400 years and during The seventeenth and eighteenth centuries In addition to the nineteenth century, the area of ​​the park was increased by the Medici and Lorraine families, to become a landmark that covers the largest green area in Florence, and Boboli Park is nowadays one of the natural museums that extend over an area of ​​44,515 m2, which embraces different buildings, statues, and fountains dating back to the Roman and Renaissance periods, and collections of precious jewelry, in addition to large quantities of oak trees, and the Boboli Gardens are one of the best tourist places in Italy.

The Grand Canal

The Grand Canal is one of the most important waterways in Venice. It passes through the city center to divide it into two parts. The length of the Grand Canal is approximately 3.8 km, while its width varies between 30 m-90 m, and its depth varies at a rate of approximately 5 meters, and the water runs through the canal from the lake The surroundings reach the Adriatic Sea, which increases the chance of tidal phenomena in this channel, as is the case with all the channels in Venice, each time approximately 6 hours. The Grand Canal currently occupies an important center in Venice, as it is a place that embraces many major local celebrations during the year. One place to another, while tourists enjoy riding the Channel boats to go on a water trip where they eat food, listen to music, and see the Venetian palaces; Therefore, it is considered one of the well-known tourist areas in Italy.

blue cave

The Blue Grotto Cave is one of the most famous tourist places in Italy. It is a fully lit blue cave, 54 m long, 30 m wide, and 15 m high, and it can be reached by riding a boat and rowing under it. The cave has been known for a long time as It was the workstation of local fishermen, then it was discovered by the German writer August Kubisch and the painter Ernst Fries in 1826 AD. The backside of the cave contains art from Roman sculptures that are still visible now. It is reported that the cave was sunk in prehistoric times by about 20 m, which made all the entrances to the cave impermeable to light except for the entrance to the cave whose height is 1.3 m, through which sunlight passes through the water, then the light refracts from the depths of the sandy sea White to light up the cave in blue, hence its name.

Lake Como

Lake Como has located about 50 km from Milan; Specifically, between the provinces of Como and Lecco, the lake is considered the deepest in Italy, with a depth of 410 m. Lecco is to the southeast, while Colico is to the north. Many attractive views can be seen from the shore of Lake Como, which took the name of the city as its title, as it contains green gardens, and various buildings surrounding the lake, which has been a resort for Lombardy nobles since the sixteenth century, and Como reflects Italian architecture through buildings of modern European architecture. It also includes the Educational Silk Museum, which receives tourists and takes them through an exploration session of the city’s traditional textiles. Lake Como is one of the famous tourist areas in Italy. It hosts amateur athletes to practice swimming in a lively outdoor atmosphere, especially during the summer, when many water sports such as windsurfing, kayaking, and water skiing can be practiced. The beautiful shows that take place in the open air, such as bungee jumping and flying using parachutes or sails, in addition to the possibility of climbing mountains in this region and going on adventures between mountain curves by bicycle, horse riding, and others.

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