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Depression treatment methods

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Depression

Depression, a depressive disorder, a major depressive disorder or major depressive disorder is a mood disorder that causes a constant feeling of sadness and loss of interest, and it is a common mental disorder, although depression negatively affects a person’s feeling, his way of thinking and behaviors, his ability to do daily activities, and his influence In different aspects of life; Such as professional, social, and health, but it can be cured and recovered, and women are more likely to develop depression than men, and although depression can affect people of any age group, 50% of all people with depression begin to become depressed The age range is between 20-50 years.

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It is worth noting that the emotion of sadness that a person feels during difficult life conditions is a natural thing that every person experiences during certain times of his life, and feelings of sadness are usually exceeded with time, but in the event that severe sadness affecting the individual’s ability to perform his daily activities continues for a period longer than two weeks, it may be a sign of a state of depression, then it is necessary to see a doctor to assess the situation and obtain psychological support and an appropriate diagnosis, because sadness alone is not a guarantee of diagnosing depression, but rather is a symptom of depression in addition to frustration, despair, loss of motivation, reduced interest in hobbies and daily activities that the individual previously considered enjoyable, in addition to fatigue, sleep disturbance, appetite, and many other symptoms that may indicate a psychological disorder that greatly affects the behavior of the individual, therefore it is worth emphasizing that the diagnosis of depression Achieving a set of specific criteria requires an evaluation by a specialist.

How to get rid of depression

Depression is considered a treatable disorder even in the severe stages of it, and depression can be eliminated using many different treatment options, and it can generally be said that treatment of depression depends on its severity according to the evaluation of the specialist doctor, so mild to moderate depression is treated with psychotherapy, medication, or both While severe depression usually requires the use of both drug and psychological treatment together, and if drug therapy is ineffective, treatment may be carried out by brain stimulation, whether by electric shock, magnetic stimulation, or transcranial electrical stimulation.

Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy or, as it is sometimes called, talk therapy, contributes to revealing the causes of depression and learning health skills to deal with and overcome it, and the following are the main types of psychotherapy:

  • Cognitive therapy: is concerned with the nature of thoughts that come to mind. As thoughts can affect emotions, and thus the negative thoughts of the individual lead to a decline in his condition, while positive ideas contribute to improving the mood, and in fact, cognitive therapy helps to teach individuals to identify negative thinking patterns and convert them into positive patterns, usually a contract is held Therapy sessions with a specific plan for each session, in addition to carrying out a home exercise, and the treatment is usually short; It usually lasts for 6-18 weeks.
  • Behavioral therapy: Behavioral therapy is concerned with the nature of the behaviors issued by the individual, and helps to reinforce acceptable behaviors, and get rid of unwanted behaviors, through some techniques such as: linking wrong behaviors with negative repulsive outcomes, and controlling situations that cause sadness and anxiety with relaxation techniques.
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy: this type combines the previous two methods; Where he is interested in addressing negative thinking patterns, and wrong behaviors that increase depression, and the therapist needs to follow the daily events that the patient goes through and the way he responds to it, to determine automatic negative reactions, and then teach the patient good thinking patterns and acceptable response methods, in addition to speaking practice Positive about oneself.
  • Psychodynamic therapy: This treatment assumes that the cause of depression is mostly internal conflicts, which are often unconscious, may have roots from childhood days, and this treatment aims to promote full awareness of all the contradictory and disturbing feelings and help the patient to tolerate it and improve its image from His point of view, and unlike some other treatment methods for depression, psychodynamic therapy tends to be less focused and longer-term and is useful in building self-awareness and finding the relationship between past life experiences and depression.
  • Interpersonal Therapy: This treatment is concerned with the past and present social life of the individual including differences, interaction, and social support, and the focus is often on treatment on important social relationships such as family, spouse, and friends to determine the extent of the impact of this relationship on the patient’s life and the way Solve problems in it.

Incentive treatment for the brain

Brain stimulation therapy is used to treat severe cases of depression, especially those that other treatment options have not managed to control, as electromagnetic currents are used to stimulate certain areas of the brain and to relieve symptoms of depression, and brain stimulation therapy includes several options; Such as transcranial direct electrical stimulation, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, and electric shock therapy.

General advice for a person with depression

Lifestyle change is one of the main treatments to get rid of depression, as it may help treat some conditions on its own without the need for additional types of treatments, it combines simplicity and great effectiveness together, and changing the lifestyle includes the following means:

  • Doing exercise: Doing exercise helps improve an individual’s mood, and reduces symptoms of depression; As increased physical activity leads to stimulating the human body to produce chemicals that work as important neurotransmitters in the brain: Serotonin and Endorphins, and stimulate the growth of new cells in the brain, walking is recommended for 30 minutes a day to reduce the risk of chronic depression, Also, playing sports within-group programs has a role in enhancing self-confidence, developing social relationships and communicating with others, and this has a positive role in treating depression as well.
  • A good diet: a patient with depression should follow healthy diets and follow modern dietary guidelines, because the brain is one of the active and vital parts of the body, which needs a regular infusion of nutrients necessary to produce the neurotransmitters important to continue working normally, and this may reduce symptoms of depression Perhaps the most important nutritional advice is the following:
  • Mental training practice: There are a set of healthy practices that may help relieve depression by influencing the way the world is understood and perceived and enriching a sense of happiness, calmness, and resilience, and the most important of these practices; Contemplation, positive thinking, in addition to tolerance, gratitude, and kindness, and controlling the emotional response to situations play an important role, by transferring the focus of the individual and his attention to what is beautiful and positive, and nicely reformulating the viewpoint of things, and the importance of these training practices lies The mentality of minimizing the negative feelings of helplessness and despair experienced by the individual during difficult situations, which affect the hormonal balance in the body; It consumes all cerebral chemicals responsible for feeling happy and calm, as well as hurting the immune system and other parts of the body.
  • Having a good sleep: To maintain a balanced brain and to help alleviate depression and anxiety, people who do not have good quality and adequate amounts of sleep are more likely to develop depression than those who sleep well.

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  1. Pingback: Tips to coping with Depression - Here success

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