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Weakness: Symptoms, Signs, Causes & Treatment



Weakness: Symptoms, Signs, Causes & Treatment

General weakness of the body

General weakness in the body is one of the most common medical complaints, especially among the elderly. It is also one of the most difficult complaints in medical diagnosis, due to the presence of many medical conditions that may cause a feeling of weakness in the body. General weakness means the constant feeling of fatigue and exhaustion, loss of body energy, and a decrease in the strength of one or more muscles of the body. Fatigue may be physical or psychological, general or local, and it can also be objective; The doctor can notice a decrease in muscle strength when conducting a medical examination of the patient, and sometimes the patient feels tired without a weakness in muscle strength (subjective weakness).

Symptoms of body weakness

Weakness may be local, so the patient is unable to move part of his body, and feels muscle spasms and trembling, and weakness may be general, so the patient feels tired, and flu-like symptoms, such as fever, and body aches. Symptoms that warrant a doctor’s review are:

  • Dizziness and lightheadedness;
  • Feelings of confusion and mental confusion.
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Vision disturbance.
  • Pain in chest.
  • Breathing difficulties.

Causes of body weakness

People usually feel weak in the body and muscles when engaging in tiring activities, and this feeling often goes away when they take a rest, and weakness can result from some medical conditions, including:

  • Diseases related to metabolic processes.
  • Neurological causes.
  • Muscle diseases.
  • Exposure to toxins.
  • Chronic disease.
  • Psychological reasons.
  • Infections such as influenza, urinary tract infection, respiratory tract infection, hepatitis, and other infections.
  • Myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune disorder in the human body that causes weakness and rapid muscle fatigue.
  • Infection with polio.
  • Severe hypothermia.
  • Diseases that cause shortness of breath or chest pain, such as asthma, heart failure, and anaphylaxis.
  • Vitamin B12 deficiency.
  • Weakness caused by taking certain medications, such as sedatives.
  • Cancer chemotherapy.
  • Take an overdose of vitamins or medications.

Diagnosis of body weakness

General weakness in the body can be diagnosed by studying the symptoms and signs that the patient suffers from, and this is done by:

  • Study of the patient’s medical history.
  • Measurement of muscle strength and reflexes, the strength of the sense of touch, and the ability to move the area of ​​local weakness.
  • Laboratory analysis of a blood sample to detect the presence of infections, anemia, or a lack of nutrients in the blood.
  • Muscle biopsy, that is, taking a sample from a muscle in the body for examination and diagnosis.
  • Muscle X-ray.
  • Urinalysis to detect diabetes, liver disease, and infections.
  • Blood chemistry tests provide information about the body’s metabolism.
  • Thyroid hormone and function analysis.
  • Erythrocyte sedimentation rate analysis to detect infections and chronic diseases.
  • pregnancy test.

Body weakness treatment

The treatment of body weakness depends on knowing the underlying cause of this weakness and treating it; Where should:

  • Iron tablets to treat anemia.
  • Sleep disorder treatment.
  • Take medications to control your blood sugar.
  • Taking medicines to treat gland disorders.
  • Take antibiotics to treat infections.
  • Take multivitamin tablets.

Home remedies to reduce body weakness

Symptoms of body weakness and fatigue can be reduced by taking the following home measures:

  • Getting more rest during illnesses that cause weakness, such as cold and flu, and after recovery, the patient returns to daily activities gradually.
  • Drink enough fluids to avoid dehydration.
  • Gradual exercise during exercise reduces the chances of feeling tired and stressed.
  • Reducing the consumption of medications that may cause a feeling of fatigue; Such as sedatives, cold, and allergy medicines.
  • Follow a balanced diet that contains plenty of vegetables and fruits, whole grains, dairy products, lean meats, and sources of iron, and reduce foods rich in fat, sugar, and salt.
  • Eating meals regularly, especially breakfast, and making sure to eat carbohydrates at breakfast to provide the brain with glucose.
  • Eat six small meals throughout the day instead of eating three large meals; To help stabilize the level of sugar and insulin in the blood, and to get rid of excess fat in the body.
  • Limit alcohol, caffeine, and nicotine intake.
  • Practice relaxation strategies, spend quality time with friends and try new activities to manage stress.
  • Sleeping enough hours.
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