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About the city of Marrakech

The Moroccan city of Marrakech is the first imperial city in the history of Morocco, and the most important city among the cities of the central part of it, and this name has been given it according to the Berber Berber language, meaning the land of God, and it is also called the red city in relation to the predominant color on its buildings, and its walls made of clay, as well as It is characterized by many palm trees that surround it, and it is worth noting the commercial and tourist importance this city enjoys, in addition to its great historical importance, it was established about a thousand years ago, and Marrakech is divided into two parts: the old town, which is famous for its historical walls, And the new town Represented by two regions: Gueliz and Hivernage.

History of the city of Marrakech

Throughout its long history, the city of Marrakesh has gone through many important historical events, which were contributed to the existence of 5 major dynasties, as it was founded by the first Almoravid ruler, Yusuf bin Tashfin, in the year 1062 AD, as it began in this period to cultivate palm trees, and build many mosques, And the role of teaching the Qur’an, in addition to the walls that were established to fortify the city, and protect it from invasions, and thus Marrakesh became the capital of the state, and an important cultural, commercial, and religious center in it. In 1147 AD, the Almohads surrounded this city for several months, and they destroyed a number of its buildings, then they built many Palaces, religious buildings there, and these Buildings: Koutoubia Mosque.

Marrakesh remained under the rule of the Almohads until the end of the thirteenth century AD, then it was ruled by the Marinids, who during their reign moved the capital of the country to the city of Fez, and in the early sixteenth century the rule of the country was the Saadians, as Marrakesh flourished during their reign, and returned as the capital of the state again, as it witnessed building Al-Badi Palace by Ahmed Al-Mansour, along with many shrines, after which this city was ruled by the Alawites who repaired its walls and built many mosques in it, and with the beginning of the twentieth century, Marrakesh became under French protection, which ended in 1956 when the country gained its independence.

Geography of the city of Marrakech

Location and space

The city of Marrakesh, located in the Kingdom of Morocco, enjoys a strategic geographical location, as it is the point of intersection of many major roads, with the southern part of it. It is easy to hawz al-Khasab, specifically in the direction of Marrakesh – Tansift-Al Haouz, and it is located about 327 km from the capital of the state, as it is located in the southwestern side of it.

Marrakech is located astronomically at the intersection of a latitude of 31.63 degrees, and a longitude of 8.00-degrees, and it occupies the fourth rank among the cities of the Kingdom of Morocco in terms of geographical area, after each of: the city of Casablanca, Fes, and Tangier, with an estimated area of about 230 km2, and this city rises About sea level about 457 m.

the climate

The city of Marrakech prevails the warm atmosphere throughout the year, so the relatively dry climate is the prevailing climate in it, but despite the high temperatures that the city may witness, but it is not a dry land, because of its location on the slopes of the Atlas Mountains, and the average monthly rainfall In Marrakech to about 4 mm during the hottest months, and about 31 mm during the most humid period, which runs between the months of January and April, the following is a simple explanation of the weather in the city of Marrakech in each of the seasons of the year:

  • Spring: generally characterized by warmer weather, with average temperatures in April reaching 25 degrees Celsius, while it rises to 28 degrees Celsius during May, and the average annual rainfall in March is March. April 31 mm, while it drops to 11 mm in May.
  • Summer season: is characterized by hot, dry weather in general, and the highest temperatures are recorded during the months of July and August, reaching 37 degrees Celsius. Rainfall rates are low between the months of June and August. It reaches its lowest percentage in August at a rate of 2 mm, which is considered the drier month in Marrakech throughout the year, and humidity reaches its lowest level in July, when it reaches 44%.
  • Autumn: It is one of the most suitable seasons to visit Marrakech, and it is characterized by cold weather during the months of October, November and hot during the month of September, where average temperatures during September reach 31 ° C, while it decreases during a month. November to reach 22 degrees Celsius, while the average rainfall is 13 mm in September, and 27 mm in November.
  • Winter season: characterized by cold weather, and the temperature is at its lowest during the month of January, as it reaches 18 degrees Celsius, while it rises slightly in the month of November to range around 22 degrees Celsius, and the average precipitation in January is 31 mm.

Demographics of the city of Marrakech

The population of the city of Marrakesh is approximately 988,968 people, and the population growth rate is estimated at 1.31%, according to statistics from 2019, and given the ethnic composition of the population, the Berbers constitute the largest percentage among the ethnic groups in the country, and with regard to the languages ​​spoken, Arabic It is the official language of the country, in addition to the Berber language, as the English language is used in coastal areas, while French is taught from the early stages of education, but it is considered an informal language, and it is worth noting that the language does not constitute any obstacle for visitors to this city, as most of the population has the ability P Z to speak three or four languages, and the religious sense, Islam is the official state religion, and embraced by the majority of the population of Marrakech, and therefore significantly affects the cultural side of the city.

Tourism in the city of Marrakech

The city of Marrakech depends on its growth and development on the tourism sector in a big way, as it has managed to attract many tourists to it for about a thousand years, and here are some of the most important places and attractions in this city:

  • Medina: The Medina district is located in the central part of Marrakech, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is characterized by winding alleys, squares, and crowded markets. It is also famous for palaces and unique mosques that reflect the history and civilization.
  • Jamaâ El Fna Square: This lively square is the center of Marrakech, and the main square in the Medina district, and includes many talents, different cultures, as well as street vendors, kiosks, and stores specialized in selling various products and goods.
  • Anima Park: This picturesque park is located 45 minutes from the city, and is a suitable place to relax and stroll, as it is characterized by the presence of many amazing landscapes, paths shaded by trees, in addition to some works of art by major artists, such as: Rodin, Picasso and Keith Haring.
  • Spice and craft markets: It is located in Al-Madinah district, and it includes several markets, such as: spice markets, ceramics, textiles, and handmade clothes, in addition to craft stores, shoes, tiles, and others.
  • Bahia Palace and Badi Palace: these magnificent palaces are distinguished by unique architectural elements, and reflect the history of the royal family of the State of Morocco.
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