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Addiction: Definition, symptoms, withdrawal, and treatment



Different Types of Addiction Physical and Behavioral


Addiction can be defined in general as the psychological and physical inability to stop consuming a particular substance, such as; Chemicals and illegal drugs, or the performance of a particular activity and behavior, especially when it leads to a compulsive or obsessive pursuit of the thing regardless of the consequences even if it causes the individual psychological and physical harm, and the reason for this intense desire in the individual is a chronic imbalance in The cerebral system that is concerned with obtaining objects, stimulation, and memory.

Among the most prominent symptoms of addiction that can be observed on an individual are:

  • The inability to stay away from a certain substance or stop a certain behavior.
  • Increased desire to consume the substance or perform the behavior.
  • Loss of self-control.
  • Ignore the extent to which this addiction causes problems.
  • The problem of addiction worsens with time.
  • Loss of normal emotional response.
  • The negative and dangerous impact of addiction on an individual’s daily life over time; As it may cause permanent health complications and serious consequences such as bankruptcy, despite the possibility of alternating cycles or periods of remission and addiction relief with periods of relapse and severe addiction in the individual.

What is Addiction Definition, Causes, Signs, Treatment

Types of addiction

There are two main types of addiction, namely; Addiction to substances, and addiction to behavior, and the following is their explanation in some detail.

Substance addiction

Substance addiction or addiction to illegal drugs is a complex neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by the recurring desire to use drugs or alcohol compulsively, despite the harmful consequences for the individual that may lead to significant disruption of daily life and include: loss of job, Social relationships, deteriorating health, and it should be noted that this type of addiction progresses and develops with time, and needs treatment by specialists.

Here are some of the most prominent examples of addictive substances:

  • Marijuana, hashish.
  • Opioid analgesics.
  • stimulants such as; Meth or methamphetamine, and cocaine.
  • Alcohol.
  • Tobacco products.
  • inhalation of solvents and volatile substances such as; Gum and fuel or petroleum derivatives.

The different Types of Addiction and how they are related

Behavior addiction

Behavioral addictions, or non-substance addiction, are an individual’s intense desire and dependence on a set of behaviors. Where he feels the same symptoms of addiction, but without consuming a particular substance, but rather by relying on an activity, behavior, or group of activities that provide some comfortable and calming feeling, and sometimes euphoria and joy in the individual, and behavior addiction can include addiction to any of the following:

  • Gambling.
  • Eat the food.
  • Doing exercise.
  • Watching TV.
  • Having sex.
  • Social networking sites such as; FB.
  • Work to the point of physical exhaustion, which affects the family, relationships, and social life.
  • Shopping that amounts to buying things one does not need, usually followed by feelings of guilt, shame, and despair.
  • The Internet, whether on a mobile phone or computer screen, is spending hours browsing the Internet and playing games while neglecting other aspects of life.

Addiction symptoms

The symptoms of addiction vary between individuals, and in fact addicts may realize that they suffer from this problem and may not know it at all, and some individuals may hide their use of some substances or their practice of certain activities from others, and thus they continue to practice their daily lives well, but in general, there are A set of symptoms and signs that indicate the presence of an addiction problem, the most important of which are:

  • Searching for illegal drugs or drugs violently or uncontrollably.
  • Engaging in dangerous levels of addictive behavior uncontrollably.
  • Inability to stop using illegal substances even though they cause health or personal problems, such as; Work and relationship problems.
  • Problems and difficulties in social relationships, which are often associated with reprimanding individuals who are aware of the problem of addiction.
  • Loss of interest in life activities that do not involve the consumption of harmful substances or harmful behavior.
  • Noting profound changes in one’s overall appearance, including an apparent abandonment of hygiene.
  • The practice of addiction in secret, and the concealment of the substances and behaviors that the individual is addicted to, for example, he refuses to explain the occurrence of injuries that occurred during the presence of the effect of addiction on him.
  • An individual’s increased exposure to risk to obtain the substance or behavior, and while consuming the substance or participating in the activity.

The different Types of Addiction and how they are related

Causes and risk factors for addiction

There are many reasons behind starting an addiction. Drugs, nicotine, and alcohol all affect the way an individual feels mentally and physically. As these substances create a pleasant feeling for him and a strong motivation to reuse them again, which may lead to the formation of a habit that is difficult to stop, and it is worth noting that the individual often loses control of addiction as a result of the increased need to satisfy the strong desire and reach orgasm and pleasure.

There are some factors that increase the risk of an individual falling into the problem of addiction, but the presence of these factors in an individual does not necessarily cause addiction, the most prominent of which are the following:

  • Genetic factors: An individual’s genetic genes are responsible for nearly half of his different traits, and the individual’s risk of addiction increases if parents or relatives suffer from alcohol or drug addiction, and it should be noted that women and men are equally likely to fall into the problem of addiction.
  • Mental disorders: An individual suffering from depression, constant anxiety, or difficulty paying attention and concentrating may contribute to resorting to narcotic drugs and illegal drugs in order to feel better, which in turn increases the likelihood of addiction.
  • Age: Young adults aged 18-24 years are most likely to be addicted to alcohol and drugs, according to a survey or survey conducted by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.

What is addiction

Addiction cure

The problem of addiction is a treatable condition, regardless of the type of addiction. There are many ways and means to get help, and perhaps the simplest of them is to seek medical advice from the general practitioner, but it should be noted that the treatment of addiction cases may take a long time and may be somewhat complicated, and the reason for this is that addiction is a chronic condition associated with A varying set of psychological and physical effects, and addiction treatment is a very personal and private matter and often requires the help of family members and the community surrounding the addicted individual. Treatment methods and methods of dealing with the situation differ according to the substances and behaviors that individuals are addicted to; As the treatments used may vary based on the needs of the individual, including; Choosing the appropriate and best treatment for the individual’s substance dependence, the level of care he or she needs, the individual’s mental health requirements, and the treatment options that he or she can afford.

The following are the most important treatment options available to treat addiction:

  • Detoxification: The process of removing or removing toxins (Detoxification) is used in cases of severe addiction, and aims to alleviate the withdrawal symptoms that the individual suffers from during the period when alcohol or drugs are out of his body, and this is done by providing the doctor with the necessary care and giving medicines and medical treatments that reduce the severity of withdrawal symptoms.
  • Therapeutic drugs: The doctor may prescribe therapeutic drugs that reduce the individual’s intense desire to obtain the substance, or drugs that reduce persistent withdrawal symptoms, or therapeutic drugs for cases of psychological disorder that the individual also suffers from, such as; Bipolar disorder, depression.
  • Rehabilitation: Rehabilitation services are concerned with helping the individual deal with addiction in the long term and live a healthier life, by providing the doctor with a range of rehabilitative services, including; Structured advice, education, support, and encouragement is provided to the individual during scheduled outpatient visits and treatment appointments or given to inpatients or those living in special rehabilitation facilities.
  • Support groups: Support groups help many addicted individuals to properly deal with the problem of addiction; These groups provide opportunities to share the experiences and experiences that the individual has gone through, in addition to obtaining continuous encouragement to resist addiction, and one of the most prominent examples of these groups is the Al-Anon organization, which provides support to the family and friends of individuals who suffer from addiction and abuse.

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